Grammar Guide

Educall Language Academy

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

We use Present Perfect Continuous Tense when we talk about actions that started in the past and is still going on.

Affirmative:SUBJECT+HAVE/HAS BEEN+DOING+OBJECT

I

You

We

They

have been running.

He

She

It

has been running.

Negative:SUBJECT+HAVE/HAS NOT BEEN+DOING+OBJECT,

I

You

We

They

have not

(haven't)

been running.

He

She

It

has not

(hasn't)

been running.

Question: HAVE/HAS+SUBJECT+BEEN DOING+OBJECT?

Have

I

you

we

they

been running?
Has

he

she

it

been running?

 

With Present Perfect Continuous Tense we generally use since or for.

  • After since we either use a full Past Simple sentence or a specific time in the past (date, time)

           Nelly has been singing since he was 17.

           George and Meryl have been working for this company since 2015.

  • After for we use a period of time

           Nelly has been singing for 20 years.

           George and Meryl have been working for this company for 2 years.

 

How long… questions are asked and answered with Present Perfect Continuous Tense:

                                                 

- How long have you been practising English at Educall?                            - How long has he been studying?

+ I’ve been practising for 4 months.                                                          + He’s been studying since yesterday morning!

                                                       

- How long has he been cleaning that room?                                               - How long has she been sleeping?

+ He has been cleaning it for 5 hours!                                                        + She’s been sleeping for ages!